Inline Templates and ngIf
Sometimes we want to specify a template right inside another component. This is useful for things like:
- conditional content
- repeated content
These templates can be passed to directives, which can then render them in a variety of ways.
A directive has a slightly different meaning in Angular 2 to Angular 1. In Angular 2, a directive can be thought of as a compiler directive. It extends the DOM compiler, giving you more options.
In Angular 2 a directive is just a component without a template. It operates on the current Element or Component, changing its behaviour, adding listeners, DOM properties, etc.
Later, we will build a directive of our own.
Making a template
We create a template using the
<template> tag. If we append a
<template> tag to a component template, it will not be output and all the content in it will be ignored.
To make this template do something, we pass it to a directive such as ngIf.
This directive will completely remove an element from the DOM if an expression is falsey, or append a clone if it is truthy. We set a property on the template to activate the directive:
<a on-click="visible = !visible">Click</a><template [ngIf]="visible">This is the template</template>
We also have a slightly strange, albeit convenient shorthand. We can write this instead:
<div *ngIf="visible">This is the template</div>
The entire div will become the template and will be injected into the ngIf directive.
Exercise - Payment widget
We are going to create a little payment widget, like this:
<form><select><option value='visa'>Visa</option><option value='mastercard'>Mastercard</option></select><div><label>Start Date:</label><input type='date' /></div><div><label>End Date:</label><input type='date' /></div><div><label>CVC:</label><input type='number' /></div><button>Purchase the Cheese</button></form>
The user can choose Visa or Mastercard from a dropdown.
If they select Mastercard, show the start date, end date fields. If they choose Visa, show the CVC field.
Harder Extension - automatically selecting Visa or Mastercard
Refer to this SO answer: http://stackoverflow.com/a/72801/687677
Write a small function that Parses the first digits of the card number to automatically select Visa or Mastercard. Bind [value] on the select.